Crypto means cryptography
The most important cryptography papers spanning the past, present, and future of cryptosystems & cryptology.
New Directions in Cryptography
Whitfield Diffie & Martin E. Hellman — Published November 1976
This paper introduced the concept of public-key cryptography (i.e. asymmetric cryptography).
Simply, public-key cryptography uses one key for encryption and another for decryption, which allows two parties to engage in a secure communication over a non-secure communications channel without having to share a secret key.
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